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Friday, August 3, 2012

Cridex Analysis using Volatility - by Andre' DiMino - samples and memory analysis resources



Andre' DiMino posted an excellent analysis of Cridex banking malware using Volatility on sempersecurus.blogspot.com and if you wish to repeat his steps or interested in this malware, I am posting the corresponding samples. Cridex is a complex financial trojan and is being distributed via spam messages (carrying exe files in zipped attachments) and Blackhole Exploit kit.
The messages have various themes - from UPS, Fedex, USPS to Groupon deals and "HP-scan" and other lures. Some message screenshots and corresponding malware are posted below.

If you are interested in memory analysis, please see the resource section of this post (links to the tools: Volatility, Mandiant Redline, memory dumps and other memory analysis done by Andre' and other researchers)


Download


 Download  all files listed below (email me if you need the password)



Analysis Preview


Exerpt:  Read the full version at sempersecurus.blogspot.com - Cridex Analysis using Volatility

Using the Volatility 'plist' command, we can see a list of the running processes. However it's instructive to use this in conjunction with the 'psscan' command in order to see those processes that have terminated, are unlinked, or hidden.  In this case, no discrepancies between the two commands jump out at me, but I do notice a couple of things.   First, I see a process, reader_sl.exe, PID1640 start exactly at the same time as its parent process, explorer.exe, PID1484.  I see that the parent process ID for explorer.exe is 1464, which is not listed in either 'pslist' or 'psscan'.  reader_sl.exe is a supposedly a safe process, associated with Adobe Speed Launcher, but the launch chain for this seems odd, so I'll keep note of this for now. Next, I see a secondwuauclt.exe process start about 15 seconds after the first.  This isn't a major flag, but just something to note.

pslist command
psscan command

The next useful Volatility command that I use for malware analysis is the 'connections' and the 'connscan'commands. Again, running both of these will allow you to see variances, as 'connscan' will show artifacts from previous connections.

File information

Cridex file analyzed by Andre DiMino 
File: readme.exe
Size: 112096
MD5:  734AADD62D0662256A65510271D40048

Other cridex samples:

File: about.exe
Size: 160768
MD5:  C497B4D6DFADD4609918282CF91C6F4E


File: HP_Scan_N989397452.exe
Size: 80896
MD5:  E187763C92E2ACC6BB1C804309EBB381

File: Booking_Confirmation_08012012.exe
Size: 98304
MD5:  213D5022047029071AFD372302E07DD8

File: UPS_Label_N8882342.exe
Size: 145408
MD5:  43CD850FCDADE4330A5BEA6F16EE971C


Resources

Memory Analysis links and dumps ( in no particular order)

Volatility (Free. Linux)



Mandiant Redline
 (Free. Windows.  It is am easy to use new tool with a clean nice user interface, powerful features and integration with IOC - Indicators of Compromise tool )


A few public memory dumps are here http://code.google.com/p/volatility/wiki/PublicMemoryImages


Cridex distribution


Email examples


Some of the possible subjects


  • Groupon dicount gifts
  • UPS Tracking Number H9942472682 
  • United Postal Service Tracking Number H5642970529
  • Fedex Tracking Number
  • UPS Your Package H8522250271
  • Your Package US168933
  • HP-Officejet 10167
  • HP Scan 5601





Automatic scans

SHA256: 046a7fac35a29f66e37193a2048f6a324754df131bad07c21f87fc814d7763f5
SHA1: 67e9c32c97b47e058aeee928c4cdc28773883b90
MD5: 734aadd62d0662256a65510271d40048
File size: 109.5 KB ( 112096 bytes )
File name: 734aadd62d0662256a65510271d40048
File type: Win32 EXE
Detection ratio: 36 / 42
Analysis date:  2012-06-26 15:00:58 UTC ( 1 month, 1 week ago )
01
More details
Antivirus Result Update
AhnLab-V3 Win-Trojan/Dapato.112096 20120626
AntiVir Worm/Cridex.E.5 20120626
Antiy-AVL Trojan/Win32.Dapato.gen 20120626
Avast Win32:Dropper-gen [Drp] 20120626
AVG PSW.Generic9.CMJF 20120625
BitDefender Trojan.Generic.KDV.647871 20120626
ClamAV - 20120626
Commtouch W32/Zbot.DQ3.gen!Eldorado 20120626
Comodo UnclassifiedMalware 20120626
DrWeb Trojan.DownLoader6.17427 20120626
Emsisoft Worm.Win32.Cridex!IK 20120626
eSafe Win32.PWS.Zbot.Xs 20120624
F-Prot W32/Zbot.DQ3.gen!Eldorado 20120626
F-Secure Trojan.Generic.KDV.647871 20120626
Fortinet W32/Dapato.BHXH!tr 20120626
GData Trojan.Generic.KDV.647871 20120626
Ikarus Worm.Win32.Cridex 20120626
Jiangmin TrojanDropper.Dapato.ize 20120626
K7AntiVirus Spyware 20120625
Kaspersky Trojan-Dropper.Win32.Dapato.bhxh 20120626
McAfee PWS-Zbot.gen.uh 20120626
McAfee-GW-Edition PWS-Zbot.gen.uh 20120626
Microsoft Worm:Win32/Cridex.E 20120626
NOD32 Win32/AutoRun.Spy.Banker.P 20120626
Norman W32/Injector.AQSI 20120625
nProtect Trojan/W32.Agent.112096.B 20120626
Panda Generic Malware 20120625
PCTools Malware.Cridex 20120626
Rising - 20120626
Sophos Troj/DwnLdr-KAY 20120626
TheHacker Trojan/Dropper.Dapato.bhxh 20120625
TrendMicro TROJ_KRYPTIK.MIC 20120626
TrendMicro-HouseCall TROJ_KRYPTIK.MIC 20120625
VBA32 TrojanDropper.Dapato.bhxh 20120625
VIPRE Trojan.Win32.Generic.pak!cobra 20120626
ViRobot Dropper.A.Dapato.112096 20120626
VirusBuster Worm.AutoRun!tSqW3tx0AYY 20120625

#Cridex worm
=========================================================




SHA256: a7e62a16c47fede2772d4f4bf980cdb58b5d110887e001ab632d7f40159dfa13
SHA1: d186e8ebb104ba0d64ad6052107420debef3da00
MD5: c497b4d6dfadd4609918282cf91c6f4e
File size: 157.0 KB ( 160768 bytes )
File name: KB00385258.exe / about.exe
File type: Win32 EXE
Tags: peexe upx
Detection ratio: 1 / 41
Analysis date: 2012-08-02 19:53:34 UTC ( 5 hours, 53 minutes ago )
Kaspersky UDS:DangerousObject.Multi.Generic 20120802


http://hookpublications.com/wp-admin/atbilred.html
http://advancementwowcom.org/main.php?page=19152be46559e39d
http://advancementwowcom.org/w.php?f=14095&e=2
Posted 7 hours, 58 minutes ago by BornSlippy
#cridex

http://tevrom.ro/modules/atbilred.html
http://advancementwowcom.org/main.php?page=19152be46559e39d
http://advancementwowcom.org/w.php?f=14095&e=2
Posted 8 hours, 9 minutes ago by BornSlippy
trojan Cridex, payload of Blackhole exploit kit at hxxp://unboxhibernation.org/w.php?f=14095&e=2

http://camas.comodo.com/cgi-bin/submit?file=a7e62a16c47fede2772d4f4bf980cdb58b5d110887e001ab632d7f40159dfa13


=======================================================


SHA256: 65bd088579107f13bf5e3aaba25b07b413343a823e7a3499d907b1bf564f36e5
SHA1: 7263fe0d3a095d59c8e0c895a9c585e343e7141c
MD5: 43cd850fcdade4330a5bea6f16ee971c
File size: 142.0 KB ( 145408 bytes )
File name: 43cd850fcdade4330a5bea6f16ee971c
File type: Win32 EXE
Tags: peexe
Detection ratio: 29 / 41
Analysis date: 2012-08-02 17:21:11 UTC ( 9 hours, 54 minutes ago )
04
More details
Antivirus Result Update
AhnLab-V3 - 20120802
AntiVir TR/Spy.145408.64 20120802
Antiy-AVL - 20120802
Avast Win32:Downloader-PUU [Trj] 20120802
AVG SHeur4.AKQG 20120802
BitDefender Trojan.Generic.KD.684302 20120802
ByteHero - 20120723
CAT-QuickHeal - 20120802
ClamAV - 20120802
Commtouch W32/Trojan3.DWW 20120802
Comodo TrojWare.Win32.Trojan.Agent.Gen 20120802
DrWeb Trojan.Necurs.21 20120802
Emsisoft Trojan.Win32.Buzus!IK 20120802
eSafe Win32.Trojan 20120802
ESET-NOD32 Win32/AutoRun.Spy.Banker.R 20120802
F-Prot W32/Trojan3.DWW 20120802
F-Secure Trojan-Spy:W32/Agent.DUCE 20120802
Fortinet W32/Palevo.EYYX!worm 20120802
GData Trojan.Generic.KD.684302 20120802
Ikarus Trojan.Win32.Buzus 20120802
Jiangmin Backdoor/RBot.obc 20120802
K7AntiVirus Riskware 20120802
Kaspersky P2P-Worm.Win32.Palevo.eyyx 20120802
McAfee PWS-Zbot.gen.ajh 20120802
McAfee-GW-Edition Generic.dx!bf3x 20120802
Microsoft Worm:Win32/Cridex.E 20120802
Norman W32/Troj_Generic.DDRRO 20120802
nProtect Worm/W32.Palevo.145408.AE 20120802
Panda - 20120802
Rising - 20120802
Sophos Troj/Agent-XGF 20120802
SUPERAntiSpyware - 20120802
Symantec W32.Cridex 20120802
TheHacker - 20120801
TotalDefense - 20120802
TrendMicro TROJ_INJECTR.PAL 20120802
TrendMicro-HouseCall TROJ_INJECTR.PAL 20120802
VBA32 - 20120802
VIPRE Trojan.Win32.Generic!BT 20120802
ViRobot Worm.Win32.A.P2P-Palevo.145408.AD 20120802
VirusBuster - 20120802
Comments
Votes
Additional information
Behavioural information
#backdoor bot

http://keaaushoppingcenter.com/mail.htm
online-cammunity.ru:8080/forum/showthread.php?page=5fa58bce769e5c2c
online-cammunity.ru:8080/forum/w.php?f=182b5&e=2

File uploaded for analysis to ;

http://jsunpack.jeek.org/dec/go?report=07777d69d6d6f5e180519988ad3df85613285e58
===============================================================


SHA256: c11a3d4f4630211cd458a022fa8c346d8a1a836561897e9ba6b4098605cf49b7
SHA1: ef006795e39b4cc7469107c0b04d37ca492e062a
MD5: 213d5022047029071afd372302e07dd8
File size: 96.0 KB ( 98304 bytes )
File name: Booking_Confirmation_08012012.exe
File type: Win32 EXE
Tags: peexe
Detection ratio: 21 / 41
Analysis date: 2012-08-02 13:31:05 UTC ( 13 hours, 53 minutes ago )
00
More details
Antivirus Result Update
AhnLab-V3 Win32/Cridex.worm.98304.B 20120802
AntiVir TR/Graftor.385561 20120802
AVG SHeur4.AKTK 20120802
BitDefender Trojan.Generic.KDV.686322 20120802
ByteHero - 20120801
CAT-QuickHeal - 20120802
Commtouch W32/Trojan3.DXI 20120802
DrWeb Trojan.Necurs.20 20120802
Emsisoft Worm.Win32.Cridex!IK 20120802
eSafe - 20120731ESET-NOD32 Win32/AutoRun.Spy.Banker.M 20120802
F-Prot W32/Trojan3.DXI 20120802
F-Secure Trojan.Generic.KDV.686322 20120802
GData Trojan.Generic.KDV.686322 20120802
Ikarus Worm.Win32.Cridex 20120802
Kaspersky Worm.Win32.Cridex.gt 20120802
McAfee PWS-Zbot.gen.ajm 20120802
McAfee-GW-Edition - 20120802
nProtect Trojan.Generic.KDV.686322 20120802
Panda Suspicious file 20120802
Sophos Troj/Cridex-O 20120802
SUPERAntiSpyware - 20120802
Symantec W32.Cridex 20120802
TrendMicro PAK_Generic.012 20120802
TrendMicro-HouseCall PAK_Generic.012 20120802
VIPRE Trojan.Win32.Generic!BT 20120802



==========================================================


SHA256: 76b22b77e5df1134619e8ac3fd6a8c8cf72de879e0c4afbd11ebcaa14bc2a38e
SHA1: d64623b8b5bbfa20bb7a08a43d7fed0e7d503e4f
MD5: e187763c92e2acc6bb1c804309ebb381
File size: 79.0 KB ( 80896 bytes )
File name: smona_76b22b77e5df1134619e8ac3fd6a8c8cf72de879e0c4afbd11ebcaa14bc2a38e.bin
File type: Win32 EXE
Tags: peexe
Detection ratio: 33 / 40
Analysis date: 2012-08-01 23:38:20 UTC ( 1 day, 3 hours ago )
06
More details
Antivirus Result Update
AhnLab-V3 Win32/Cridex.worm.80896.C 20120801
AntiVir TR/Cehscok.A 20120801
Antiy-AVL - 20120801
Avast Win32:Kryptik-JJP [Trj] 20120802
AVG Generic28.CNKE 20120801
BitDefender Trojan.Generic.KDV.681199 20120802
ByteHero - 20120723
CAT-QuickHeal Trojan.Yakes.ahur 20120801
ClamAV W32.Trojan.Yakes-25 20120801
Commtouch W32/Falab.F.gen!Eldorado 20120801
Comodo TrojWare.Win32.Kryptik.AITM 20120802
DrWeb Trojan.Necurs.21 20120802
Emsisoft Trojan.Win32.Yakes!IK 20120801
ESET-NOD32 Win32/AutoRun.Spy.Banker.R 20120801
F-Prot W32/Falab.F.gen!Eldorado 20120801
F-Secure Trojan:W32/Injector.AA 20120802
Fortinet W32/Kryptik.AB!tr 20120801
GData Trojan.Generic.KDV.681199 20120802
Ikarus Trojan.Win32.Yakes 20120801
Jiangmin Trojan/JboxGeneric.kue 20120801
K7AntiVirus Trojan 20120801
Kaspersky Trojan.Win32.Yakes.ahur 20120801
McAfee PWS-Zbot.gen.air 20120802
McAfee-GW-Edition PWS-Zbot.gen.air 20120801
Microsoft Worm:Win32/Cridex.E 20120802
Norman W32/Troj_Generic.DBZPN 20120801
nProtect Trojan.Generic.KDV.681199 20120801
Panda Generic Trojan 20120801
Rising - 20120801
Sophos Troj/Katusha-AG 20120802
SUPERAntiSpyware - 20120801
Symantec W32.Cridex 20120801
TheHacker Trojan/Yakes.ahur 20120801
TotalDefense - 20120801
TrendMicro TROJ_INJECTR.VYQ 20120802
TrendMicro-HouseCall TROJ_INJECTR.VYQ 20120801
VIPRE Trojan.Win32.Generic!BT 20120802
ViRobot Trojan.Win32.A.Yakes.80896.D 20120801

http://bartblaze.blogspot.com/2012/07/scan-from-hewlett-packard-scanjet.html
Posted 1 week ago by bartblaze


1 comment:

  1. Here an additional resource about a Banking trojan analyzed with Volatility: http://quequero.org/Shylock_via_volatility

    ReplyDelete