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Wednesday, February 15, 2012

Feb 9 CVE-2011-1980 MSOffice DLL Loading vulnerability + Trojan Nflog

fputlsat.dll

On February 9, 2012 Symantec disclosed that the previously patched MS Office insecure library loading vulnerability was exploited in the wild. DLL loading vulnerabilities were used in targeted attacks at least with two other exploits in 2011 and they did not reach epidemic proportions like it happend with CVE-2010-3333 RTF or some of the Adobe PDF exploits. I refer to
Contagio: Sept. 23 CVE-2011-1991 type (1) deskpan.dll Windows components DLL loading vulnerability

and
Contagio: Apr 13 CVE-2011-2100 PDF - Adobe DLL Loading Vulnerability - Agenda.7z

DLL search order hijacking exploits had and will have many new reincarnations because of the DLL loading preference order - Current Working Directory is preferred for most DLL files. You can read more about the root of these problems (not necessarily related to MS Office but in general) in M-unition: DLL Search Order Hijacking Revisited by Nick Harbour
As described in the Symantec article, fputlsat.dll must be present in the same directory as the Word document in order to be activated by the ActiveX control embedded in the Word document. The payload of this sample is a backdoor trojan Nflog. 

Wednesday, February 1, 2012

TDL4 - Purple Haze (Pihar) Variant - sample and analysis


Lately things just don't seem the same
Actin' funny, but I don't know why
'Scuse me....... while I kiss the sky
 Jimi Hendrix "Purple Haze"
I recently ran into an interesting piece of malware that was downloaded on a victim's computer. I thought it was TDL/TDSS or maybe a new version of it as it had same components as TDL4 bootkit with a functionality of a mass scale PPC (pay-per-click) fraud. TDL had this functionality too and it is most likely spread by the same Russian-speaking gangs using the Blackhole exploit kit. It did not have the same type of config file that you may find in TDL4 (and first I could not find it at all). I call it "Purple Haze" thanks to the strings found in the code.

I shared it with Alexander Matrosov from ESET. He and Eugene Rodionov  analyzed it and posted an article on the ESET blog: "TDL4 reloaded: Purple Haze all in my brain" (edited by David Harley)
Eset also updated the removal tool for this variant - direct download link: OlmarikTDL4 remover